Pileus

A brimless, felt cap worn in Ancient Greek and Rome as well as in early medieval times.

Similar to phrygian cap, however this one is less flexible and more stable. The cap is made of thin but dense felt. That typical tall-cone shape is made of the quality of felt.

The cap is made usually without lining.

 

 

Plate from Apulia, third quarter of the 4th c. BC
12th-c. panel from a church in Setesdal, Norway